The idea to set up the “Territory of Terror” Memorial Museum of Totalitarian Regimes appeared as a result of the comprehension
of complex historical legacy that we, as contemporaries,
received after the Second World War and the collapse of the totalitarian Soviet
In the XXth century Lviv was always in the center of
military and political events. The city repeatedly passed from the hands
of one power into the hands of another, the borders were changed, the
states disappeared. Totalitarian regimes have left an open wound in the history
of the city. Prison "Brygidky", Prison "on Lontskoho Street",
Zamarstynivska Prison, the Lviv Ghetto, Transit Prison # 25 - the places where thousands
of people have been killed. But still they continue to perform the
function of sinister prisons or premises, adjusted for educational
institutions, hospitals and entertainment facilities.
"Territory of Terror" Museum is created in the territory of the
former "Transit Prison
#25" and the "Lviv
Our mission is to work, preserve and transmit experience about
totalitarian past; to explain the mechanisms of totalitarian ideologies
in order to benefit the development of historical consciousness of
The Lviv Ghetto was
one of the largest within the Nazi occupied territory. It was organized in
November 1941 in the northern section of Lviv. The ghetto existed until June
1943. The ghetto was comprised of the Zamarstyniv and Klepariv districts of the
city. From the south, it was protected by a railway mound, from the east by Zamarstynivska
Street, from the west by Varshavska Street, and from the north by Poltva River.
The majority of Lviv’s Jews or Jewish refugees from neighboring Poland were kept
in this ghetto. They settled in the houses from which previous dwellers were
evicted. Some Jewish families settled in barracks of the former block for
socially unprotected strata in Lviv which was called “Lokyetky”.
During the two years of the Nazi occupation, over 250
thousand people, Jews in particular, were killed in the Lviv ghetto and Yaniv
Transit Prison #25 was built
in 1944. According
to approximate estimates, during 10 years of “transit” over 500,000 prisoners
were deported from Galicia, Volyn, and sometimes Carpatho-Ukraine and Bukovyna.
The majority of the prisoners were related to the national liberation movement
as well as prisoners of war.
Our priorities are to research the history of
political, social, ethnic and religious repressions of totalitarian regimes
against people who lived within the territory of Ukraine in the XX century.
The Museum conducts systematic work on the study,
research, and preservation
of historical documents. On the basis of collected materials in
authentic and creative way, we create a non-fiction materials, including
documentaries, exhibitions and informational leaflets.
We invite to cooperation historians, scientists, public
figures and anyone who wishes to contribute to the improvement of the Museum
and is ready to offer help and interesting ideas.