A tradition to celebrate the birthday of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army goes back to the command of the commander-in-chief of the Army Roman Shukhevych in 1947. Even though this date is more symbolic, then chronological, but according to the documents of Nazi special services in autumn 1942 in Volyn a number of noticeable activization of Ukrainian nationalistic underground forces took place, new subdivisions of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army were formed, and members of the underground forces ran away to the woods.
On September 28th, 1939, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Third Reich J. Ribbentrop and the People’s Commissar of Foreign Affairs of the USSR V. Molotov signed the Treaty of Friendshipб Cooperation and Demarcation that was a follow up of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact (signed on August 23rd the same year) on division of spheres of influence in Central-Eastern Europe. The document consolidated “diplomatic marriage” between the two dictators – Hitler and Stalin – and assigned territorial division of Poland between the countries.
Solomiya Krushelnytska was considered to be the brightest soprano opera star of the world. Enrico Caruso, Titta Ruffo and Fedir Shalyapin considered it a privilege to sing on the same stage with her.
In the first struggles that took place in June-August 1941 in the beginning of German-Soviet war, the Red army under the pressure of German troops was retreating in panic; many Soviet soldiers were held captive. In such conditions the Administration of Soviet troops issued the order “On responsibility of servicemen for bringing somebody into captive or leaving the arms to enemy” that was signed by Joseph Stalin.
On August 7th, 1932, from the initiative of Joseph Stalin – the Secretary General of the Central Committee of the Communist of Party (of Bolsheviks), a mutual decree of the Central Committee and the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR was issued “On protecting the property of state enterprises, collective farms and cooperations and strengthening communal (socialist) ownership” that was also known as “Law on Five Spikelets”.
Owing to successful offensive near Moscow in December 1941, the Red army managed to stop German Blitzkrieg. But in the first half of 1942 military forces of the USSR were defeated by the Wehrmacht and its military allies.
On May 25th, 1926, on the corner of Racine Street and Boulevard Saint-Michel in Paris, Shmuel Schwarzbard fired from a pistol and shot the Main Otaman of the Ukrainian People’s Republic troops, the head of the Directorate of Ukraine, Symon Petlyura. Schwarzbard’s actions were in revenge for complicity of S.Petlyura in killing his family and for the so called anti-Semitic policy during national liberation movement in Ukraine in 1917-1922.
Operation “Vistula” was a forced deportation of Ukrainians from the regions of Lemkivshchyna, Kholmshchyna, Nadsyannya, Pidlyashshya mainly to the territory of western and northern parts of Poland that used to be owned by Germany before the year of 1945. The reason for deportation of Ukrainians was the death of the Deputy Defense Minister of Poland General Karol Świerczewski.
On April 1, 1941, in Krakow (Poland) the Second Great Council of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army took place. The main aim of the council was to confirm the idea of Ukrainian nationalism and those decrees that referred to political, military, economic and social life of Ukrainians.
On March 5th, 1950, in the fight against workers of Soviet security services in the village of Bilogorshcha near Lvivб the main commander of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army Roman Shukhevych died. He was also known under the pseudonyms Taras Chuprynka, Roman Lozovskyi, Tur, Tucha, Shchuka, Dzvin, Chernets, Stepan.
Lev Rebet was born on March 3rd, 1912, in Stryi in Lviv region, in the family of postal office worker. He was a politician, scholar, and publicist as well as the head of the subdivision of the Organization of Ukrainian nationalists (OUN) in Stryi province, the Regional Commander of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army in Western Ukraine, the deputy prime minister of the Ukrainian government.
Yosyf Kobernytskyi-Dychkovskyi (Slipyi) was born on February 17th, 1892, in the village of Zazdrist, Ternopil region. He was the Patriarch of the Ukrainian Greek-Catholic Church. The boy was brought up in a spiritual Christian family.
Foundation of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) was proclaimed on February 3rd, 1929, in Wien at the Congress of representatives of nationalistic organizations. The OUN was created as a result of merging of the Ukrainian Military Organization, the Union of Ukrainian national youth, the Legium of Ukrainian nationalists and the Group of Ukrainian National Youth.
On January 28th, 1992, the Supreme Council of Ukraine passed the decree “On the State flag of Ukraine”, according to which “the national flag was approved to be the State flag of Ukraine…”
The solemn proclamation of the Universal on unification of the Ukrainian People’s Republic and Western Ukrainian Republic in united Ukrainian state took place on January 22, 1919, on Sofiyivsky Square in Kiev.